Panic is redundant in case you have found you have bladder cancer. It loads psychologically and that bladder cancer is treated if it is detected in time. Usually, this type of illness is treated operative. In certain cases, the so-called Partial resection of the bladder, in which, instead of removing the whole bladder, only a portion of it is, cut in the area around the tumor. Although it is almost rejected by the new European standards, it is less traumatic than the radical cystectomy, and has its own, albeit heavily narrowed, indications – elderly and less malignant, diverticular tumor, which is the bubbling of the bladder, etc.
In addition to operative treatment, what other methods are used for bladder cancer?
In combination or separately, non-surgical methods can be used, Intravascular Chemotherapy. The high variability and high incidence of recurrences following transurethral resection suggests that it is not in itself sufficient and that additional chemotherapy is needed in these patients. It is performed by intermittent insertion into the bladder of a chemotherapist that stays an average of about an hour after which it is spattered. Two drugs with a different mechanism of action are used, but the goal is one – the destruction of the small tumor formations that may have been missed during transurethral resection, which can subsequently relapse.
Intramuscular immunotherapy has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrence and progression of bladder tumors. In patients after radical cystectomy and / or positive lymph nodes, no distant metastases can be administered systemically, so-called Venous chemotherapy. This procedure is still in the process of being discussed, because evidence from clinical trials does not provide evidence for its routine use. Radiotherapy may be an alternative to treatment in patients in advanced musculo-invasive bladder cancer, unsuitable for surgical treatment – cystectomy. Radiation therapy can also be used to stop bleeding in patients with invasive tumors, where this can not be achieved by transurethral manipulations. But, ultimately, it is the treating physician who will direct the patient to effective treatment.