Breast cancer stages are the term that describes the size of a tumor, and the degree of scattering. Every woman feels afraid when she hears the diagnosis breast cancer. Help and support from your family and friends is of huge significance. It is good for your health to be surrounded by people you love in this difficult moment of your life.
Do you know that every 8th woman on the earth has suffered at least once in her life of breast cancer!? Sounds shocking, right? For this reason you should not miss regular annual examinations with a specialist. The women over 50 years old are the risk group.
However, I remember when I went through a surgery and after that when I was waiting in front of the doctor’s cabinet, I saw many young women (under 25 years) to wait for the same thing as me.
Breast cancer affects women and men with all breast sizes.
Definition of breast cancer stages
Basically, there are four stages of this disease. Only the last stage characterizes with the presence of distance metastasis.
Breast Cancer Stages – Stage 1
Tumor – max 2 cm, lymph nodes in the armpit – not affected and the cancer has not metastasized outside the breast.
Ø In the breast itself there is no tumor detected, but in the lymph nodes under the arm there are a single cancer cells;
Ø Tumor – smaller than 0.2 cm but in the lymph nodes under the arm are found single cancer cells.
Many women do not know they have breast cancer, especially in stage 1. They feel normal, probably get tired more easily but this is not a typical symptom. Stage 1 usually characterizes with no symptoms and that is why it is difficult to be diagnosed in this stage.
Breast Cancer Stages – Stage 2
Ø Tumor – max 2 cm, lymph nodes in the armpit – affected, not fused to each other, no distant metastasis;
Ø Tumor – min 2 cm – max 5 cm, no cancer cells to lymph nodes in the armpit and the cancer has not given distant metastasis;
Ø Tumor – min 2 and – max 5 cm, lymph nodes in the armpit – affected, no metastasis elsewhere;
Ø Tumor – more than 5 cm, no affected lymph nodes in the armpit, no distant metastases.
Breast Cancer Stages – Stage 3
Ø In the breast can not be found tumor, presence of cancer cells in the lymph nodes in the armpit, fused to one another, no metastasis elsewhere;
Ø Tumor – 2 cm – 5 cm; presence of cancer cells in the armpit lymph nodes, fused to one another, no metastasis elsewhere;
Ø Tumor – bigger than 5 cm, presence of cancer cells in the armpit lymph nodes; they may be fused to each other; no other metastasis.
Tumor is fixed to the skin or chest wall, lymph nodes may (but not necessarily) contain cancerous cells, but there is no distant metastasis.
The tumor may be any size, it is metastatic to the lymph nodes in the armpit and below the sternum or to the upper or the lower nodes in the clavicle, but no other metastases.
Breast Cancer Stages – stage 4
The tumor may be any size, lymph nodes may (but not necessarily) contain cancerous cells, but the cancer is metastatic to other parts of the body.
Most women who hear the diagnosis breast cancer stage 4 almost give up living to fight for their lives. Even in the 4th stage there are many women who have overcome this disease and have continued normally their lives.