Bone Cancer Symptoms
Bone cancer symptoms are a very important topic, especially because bone cancer is a rare disease. It can begin its development from every bone in the human body. The most commonly affected are the long bones of the hands and legs. There are several types of bone cancer. Some species are typical for children, while others are found only in adults.
The term bone cancer also refers to a cancerous process that has begun its development in another part of the body and has spread to the bone. Then we talk about a metastatic process.
The exact cause of bone cancer has not yet been elucidated. Scientists believe that this type of cancer arises as a result of an error in cell DNA. This error leads to uncontrolled and abnormal cell growth. These cells live for a longer period of time than normal cells and form the tumor mass.
What Are The Typical Bone Cancer Symptoms?
Very often patients complain of significant pain in the affected bones, which limits their movements. In the early stages of the disease, the pain is mild and can only be felt at heavier loads and during sports, especially when running. In advanced stages of bone cancer, the pain manifests itself regularly and influences the patient’s daily activities. In some cases, frequent bone pain can cause sleeping problems and make it difficult to place the exact diagnosis. Although bone pain is the most typical of all bone cancer symptoms, some patients many years after the onset of the disease do not experience bone pain.
Another characteristic bone cancer symptoms is swelling in the area of cancer. This symptom does not have to be accompanied by bone pain. In some cases, it takes weeks and months for a tumor-shaped edema to be noticed by patients.
Palpation of a tumor formation
As with other cancers and bone cancer, the growing tumor formation may be palpable. Typically, the tumor is pea-sized. In the area where the tumor formation is palpable, patients complain of pain and limitation of the volume of movement.
More common bone fractures
As the cancer progresses, deformation of the affected bone is observed, making it more susceptible to fractures. In such patients, even the lightest strokes can cause bone fracture, which then heals much slower.
Furthermore, at more advanced stages of the disease, cancer cells begin to release calcium salts that can be detected in the bloodstream through blood tests. Increased levels of calcium in the blood may be a cause of vomiting, a feeling of fatigue, abdominal pain.
Some non-specific bone cancer symptoms are unwanted weight loss, nausea, chills, easy fatigue, and anemia.