Skin Cancer Symptoms and Risk Factors
Skin cancer is a condition in which the skin cells grow and divide uncontrolled. This disease occurs in two forms. We will focus on a common type of skin cancer that defies treatment. It, in turn, is divided into two types: basal cell (hydrate) and squamous cell carcinoma (epidermoid) carcinoma. Both forms are rarely life threatening to the patient.
How timely to recognize skin cancer? What are the most common skin cancer symptoms?
Like many other diseases, and skin cancer lends itself best to treatment if detected at an early stage.
Skin cancer symptoms can look like this:
– Hard red nodule;
– Detecting a change of the skin surface that does not heal;
– Any deviation in the appearance of the skin than normal. You alone can make each month study of the skin to the appearance of sores, moles or bruises that may be malignant.
Basal – cell skin cancer symptoms can be identified by the following features:
– Single shiny red swelling;
– Single spot on the skin with clearly defined borders;
– Alternating periods of bleeding, covered with scabs and then wound;
– Concave area on the skin, scar or ulcer (red, as an open ulcer).
Squamous cell carcinomas of the skin is more easily seen than basal cell cancer. It appears on areas of the skin exposed to the sun, such as old inflammation or scar.
Can be recognized by:
– A single red, light yellow or brown abrasion;
– Thick, rough, wart-like uneven surface;
– Each spot or wound on the skin that do not heal for a week can be a symptom of skin cancer. .
Who is at risk?
Certain genetic factors with lifestyle increase the risk of disease. Among them are:
– Fair skin;
– Belonging to the male sex;
– A genetic predisposition to skin cancer;
– Regular exposure to ultraviolet light (sunlight and tanning);
– Sunburns at an early age;
– Precancerous conditions such as photochemical active keratosis;
– Long-term contact with certain chemicals (arsenic, coal, wax, resin, with certain types of oils);
– Exposure to radiation in the treatment of other cancers;
– Continuing longer or more serious inflammation or trauma;
– Certain medications for treatment of psoriasis;
– Weak immune system;
– Age and family history
The most common cases of melanoma affect people over the age of 30. Studies have shown that women under 40 years old have a higher risk of developing skin cancer while in men the risk rate increases beyond that age.
About 1 in every 10 patients with melanoma has a family member with skin cancer, which speaks that family history is a risk factor. Some people have a genetic predisposition to the disease, so it is important in case the family to take timely preventive measures.