Throat Cancer Prognosis
Basically, cancer prognoses are based on 5-year relative survival rate, which varies depending on the type of cancer, its stage and location. The best survival in cancer of the glottis (90%), and the worst is cancer of the hypopharynx (53%). The earlier the cancer is diagnosed, the more and more successfully treated. Throat
cancer prognosis show that it can be cured in 90% of cases if detected early. If the cancer has already spread to surrounding tissues or lymph nodes in the neck, 50-60% could still be cured. Throat cancer prognosis – if the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body outside the head or neck, it is now incurable. Further treatment seeks to extend and improve the quality of life. After treatment, patients may in each case need therapy to help them regain speech and swallowing reflex. The worst throat cancer prognosis is about a small percentage of patients (5%) will be unable to swallow and must be fed through a tube.
Besides throat cancer prognosis, what is specific in the treatment of throat cancer?
The treatment of throat cancer depends on the stage and ways of developing the disease. It aims to eliminate cancer and to prevent it metastasizes to other parts of the body. Treatment is tailored to each individual patient in order to provide the best possible chance for a successful outcome. The main goal is to keep the patient’s ability to eat, speak and live a full life. Plans for treating throat cancer usually include one or more of the following areas: surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, proton therapy. In some patients to remove tumors need to remove all or part of the vocal cords (laryngectomy). Side effects of treatment specific to each patient.
However, there are some common side effects like mucositis, dry mouth, skin changes, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, increased formation of secretions loss of appetite, loss of taste, hair loss and difficulty in breathing. Patients should consult a physician before resorting to alternative treatments. There is evidence that the patient is favorable to adopt herbs (green tea, garlic) and supplements (vitamin C, folic acid). Positive impacts and physiotherapy and acupuncture. Useful are changes in lifestyle, including exercise, proper diet and avoiding harmful habits. Inclusion in the support group and contact with people with similar experiences and problems would also help the patient.
Throat cancer is not necessarily linked to tobacco use. This disease, centrally in the mouth, tongue, palate and pharynx often associated with sunlight, human papilloma virus (HPV). Suffice it to say that although this type of cancer have no higher rate of morbidity, it is most often seen in people over the age of 50.
The risk of it increases with life expectancy and is generally more common in men. It is important to recognize the symptoms early, as we confuse them with a small herpes, bleeding gums or minor oral inflammation. The problem is more complex in nonsmokers. When we talk about throat cancer, most people make the association with tobacco use.
“If you do not smoke, I do not risk to develop it.” Unfortunately, no matter whether you smoke or not, you may suffer from it.
It is therefore essential to have the right information to detect symptoms in the earliest stages.
Most oropharyngeal cancers develop carcinomas. Carcinomas are a specific type of cell in the form of thin, flat flakes. They are not just wounds. It is normal for people with weak immune systems, accustomed to oral infections, sores and bleeding gums, not to notice symptoms of this disease.
If your doctor perform a comprehensive review in the tongue and pharynx, it can be detected. Later biopsy will confirm whether the cancer disease is present or not.
The earliest symptom of throat cancer are small wounds that do not heal. Typically appear red or white patches on the tongue, gums or lips. Be aware of any unusual changes that do not improve after a few days and go to your doctor.
Minor pain that worsens over time
Other key features of this cancer is pain when chewing or swallowing. People who use denture will immediately notice that their prosthesis bothering them and causing bleeding or pain. Speaking suddenly becomes painful. Moving the tongue or even cleaning the jaw will cause constant pain. The pain may extend to the ears.
Weight loss is a common symptom in most cancers. In case of throat cancer, it is normal to experience loss of appetite and even if you can not chew properly. The immune system is weakened and will undoubtedly lead to gradual weight loss.