Throat Cancer Risk Factors
Although it is unclear what the exact mechanism is, which unlocks the throat cancer, specialists unite around several throat cancer risk factors that increase the risk of it occurring. First of all, smoking – the most important of all throat cancer risk factors. It has been shown that about 50 types of carcinogens are present in cigarette smoke. After stopping cigarettes, the likelihood of developing cancer decreases significantly. Smoking combined with alcoholic beverages is a very dangerous combination.
Regular alcohol abuse damages not only the larynx cells but also the esophagus, larynx and the entire digestive system. The presence of a previous cancer in the neck and the head increases the risk of developing second cancer, this time in the throat. People who work in vaporous conditions of different poisonous substances are also at increased risk.
Other throat cancer risk factors may be diets that are too poor for vitamin A and gastroesophageal reflux disease, during which gastric acid returns to the esophagus and causes a burning pain.
Throat Cancer Treatment
The treatment of the severe illness is carried out by a combination of three basic approaches – surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The choice of the most appropriate throat cancer treatment depends on the age of the patient, the size of the tumor and the presence of metastases.
After surgery, radiotherapy is given to increase the effect of surgery. During chemotherapy, drugs are used to kill or reduce cancer cells. They are administered intravenously.
Feeding in throat cancer
An important part of the throat cancer treatment is proper nutrition, because in some cases therapy leads to loss of appetite, and swallowing is very difficult. In order to maintain the immune system, a large amount of calories and proteins should be taken. In case of eating difficulties caused by dryness or radiotherapy, the patient can take liquid and mostly soft foods.
The “Throat cancer risk factors” article is informative and does not replace the consultation with a doctor!