Throat Cancer Symptoms, Risk Factors, Stages and Treatment

Throat Cancer Symptoms

In the early stage throat cancer is completely curable disease. Unfortunately, in the early stage there are almost no throat cancer symptoms. Throat cancer can affect the throat, tongue, tonsils, pharynx, esophagus and sinuses.

 Throat Cancer Symptoms

Risk factors for developing cancer of the throat can be:

smoking, alcohol and lack of vitamins.

Throat cancer is one of the twenty most common malignancies. In recent years the decrease morbidity associated with the fact that more and more people give up smoking. However, many people still get sick from throat cancer.

Insidious disease there are too vague initial throat cancer symptoms and is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage already.

 Throat Cancer Symptoms

The first of throat cancer symptoms resembles a cold or allergy, so this type of cancer is difficult to recognize in the early stages of the disease. If you have persistent problems with allergies, sinusitis, hoarse throat, be alert and contact a specialist for a check-up.

Most common throat cancer symptoms are:

  • sore throat,
  • cough
  • pain or difficulty swallowing,
  • frequent loss of voice,
  • change in voice
  • weight loss
  • ear pain,
  • lump at the back of the mouth, throat or neck,
  • hoarseness and difficulty breathing,
  • bleeding from sputum.

At an early stage of the disease in the neck may appear white scales or small wounds. But in 80% of cases the first stage of disease has no symptoms.

 Throat Cancer Symptoms

The exact causes of throat cancer are not known, but scientists identify several major throat cancer risk factors:

  • smoking
  • excess alcohol
  • human papillomavirus
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • infectious diseases of nasopharynx
  • polluted environment

Before being diagnosed with throat cancer, the doctor appointed following a series of diagnostic tests and tests:

 Throat Cancer Symptoms

Endoscopy (this test is performed in the operating room with general anesthesia to determine the extent of the tumor);

after the formation has been diagnosed, it is computerized tomography to obtain a three-dimensional image of the tumor;

Studies were made of the esophagus, trachea and bronchi of the lungs.

Throat cancer stages:

Zero stage – a precancerous condition. The formation is not yet affected lymph nodes, no throat cancer symptoms.

First stage – there are no distractions, but the cancer has affected throat or nasopharynx.

Second stage – the tumor has spread in the throat and nasopharynx, monitor singles spread to lymph nodes.

Third stage – the formation affecting neighboring tissue observed in multiple metastases.

Fourth stage – systemic metastases in different organs.

Treatment: surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

If the tumor is small in size and just localized, then one surgery will be enough for successfully removal of the tumor. However, if the tumor is detected at an advanced stage and has spread, or is in the wrong place to remove, then surgery is not recommended and no guarantee of a positive result. May be affected mouth, jaw or voice box. After such an operation the patient may lose his voice or can not chew and swallow food. In more severe cases, it may be necessary to use pipes to enable the patient to eat and breathe.