Atopic dermatitis is a disease that most often occurs before the first birthday of the child. The skin becomes red and warm when touched. Dry flakes and itching appears. It affects the scalp, forehead, cheeks, neck, darts and toes. To relieve itching, babies begin to scrub the inflamed skin in bed, and this can lead to infection. The discomfort is so great that the child can not sleep.
Who Suffers from Atopic Dermatitis?
Globally, between 10 and 20% of children suffer from atopic dermatitis. In adults, the rate is considerably smaller – between 1 and 3%. Today the disease is more prevalent than 30 years ago. The biggest risk factor is a family predisposition to this condition, allergies and asthma. The place where the child lives, is also affected. Polluted air and cold climate increases the risk. Girls are more likely to suffer from atopic dermatitis than boys. Experience shows that endogenous eczema is more common among people with higher social status.
How is it diagnosed?
Consult with a dermatologist is required. The skin of the child is examined, it is important that the parent is paying attention if there is itching.
How is atopic dermatitis treated?
Atopic dermatitis occurs at higher IgE antibodies and can not be cured, but rather is controlled. The treatment plan includes administration of medicine, skin care and changes in lifestyle. Thus stops aggravation of the problem is soothes skin to take the pain and itching and hence emotional stress. Treatment of atopic dermatitis is long and it is important for the mother to learn how to care for the child’s skin.
Only children suffer from atopic dermatitis
90% of children face with the disease before their fifth year. But 50% of people who have had symptoms such as children continue to complain less pronounced symptoms as adults (eg very dry and itchy skin around the eyes and neck).
Atopic dermatitis affects the area around the diaper
This is unlikely because the skin there is well hydrated.
Adults who have dealt with the disease as children, have no scars
On the contrary, often affected skin is darker (or brighter) than the rest, and thickened.
The disease is contagious
Bathe your child with warm, not hot water and limit his stay in the water 5 to 10 minutes.
Use a cleanser in a pinch. Choose a product with a gentle action and odorless.
After bathing blot gently, without rubbing.
If prescribed medicine, apply it nearly dry skin and as it says in the prescription.
Dab with moisturizer on prescription and spread throughout the body. It is good to hydrate child’s skin two times a day.
Keep your nails short and smooth.
Pay attention temperature and humidity are comfortable. Too dry environment or reheating often trigger itching.
Cotton clothes are required such as when washing use powder for babies, without fabric softener and rinse clothes again.
Discard bleach and strong disinfectants from home as they irritating the skin.
Condition improves by salty sea water and in severe cases appropriate climate-high altitude – over 1600 meters.